Saint Louis (King Louis IX) – Who Was He?

Saint Louis statue Aigues Mortes France

Saint Louis statue Aigues Mortes France

If you spend any time at all in France you will encounter many examples of buildings, places – and even luxury hotel barges – named after Saint Louis. There are also other examples throughout the world, including St Louis, Missouri, in the United States.

Louis IX, commonly called Saint Louis, was King of France 750 years ago. Born at Poissy, near Paris, he was a member of the House of Capet, the son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. He established the Parliament of Paris.

Louis ruled during the so-called “golden century of Saint Louis”, when the kingdom of France was at its height in Europe, both politically and economically. Among the kings and rulers of the continent, Louis, the King of France, was considered the most influential. He commanded the largest army, and ruled the largest and most wealthy kingdom of Europe, a kingdom which was the European centre of arts and intellectual thought at the time. The prestige and respect felt in Europe for King Louis IX was due more to the attraction that his benevolent personality created rather than to military domination.

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